- Limited Liability Protection
to Director's personal assets
- Loans under Producer Company
- Ideal for producers and farmers
- Best option for agricultural activities
- Can add multiple members in company
- Minimum Five Directors
- Minimum Ten Shareholders
- Minimum Capital - Rs. 5,00,000
- Maximum Fifteen Directors
- One Director shall be
Meaning of a Producer Company
A producer company is a legally organised body of mainly farmers and agriculturalists, which was introduced by the government to help raise the standard of living, income and profitability of Indian farmers and agriculturalists. A producer company is formed as a private company itself and is governed under the provision of Companies Act 1956. The company is incorporated with an objective as stated under the law i .e. Production, harvesting or selling as the primary production and related activities. A farmer/agriculturists can incorporate a producer company when they have 10 or more producers and 5 directors with a minimum capital of Rs. 5,00,000/-. Thereafter, there are a few objections stated by the government for producer companies, that can be read under the Section 581B of the Companies Act, 1956.
Provisions for Producer Company
There is no particular provision for Producer Company under Companies Act, 2013, however, chapter IXA of Companies Act, 1956 administers it.
Section 465 of the Companies Act, 2013
According to this section, the Companies Act, 1956 and the Registration of Companies (Sikkim) Act,1961 (hereafter in the section referred to as the repealed enactments) shall not be in force.
Under this section, the provisions of Part IX A of the Companies Act, 1956 are pertinent to a Producer Company in a way as if the Companies Act, 1956 has not been abolished until a particular Act is legislated for Producer Companies (1st clause of Section 465(1) of the Companies Act, 2013).
Let us have a broader look at the step-by-step Incorporation of the Producer Company along with the activities they are allowed to carry and associated provisions.
Activities Allowed to the Producer Companies:
Under Companies Act, 2013, a producer company is allowed to carry on or associate with any of the below-mentioned activities:
Before we move on to the process of incorporation, let us see the requirements that mark our eligibility for it.
Requirements for the Incorporation of Producer Company
Companies Act, 2013 has listed the following requirements for the incorporation of a Producer company
1. Document Required
Self-attested PAN Card of Members and Directors.
Passport Size Photo
2-2 Passport Size Colored Photos of Members and Directors.
Identity Proof of Directors
Self-attested ID proof of Members and Directors- (Anyone out of the following -Valid Passport/Voter ID/Aadhar Card/Valid Driving License)
Address Proof of Directors
Self-attested Address Proof of Members and Directors and Should Not be Older than 2 Months (Anyone out of the following – Bank Statement/Electricity Bill/Telephone Bill/Mobile Bill)
Business Address Proof
NOC from the Owner of Property/Property Papers (Title Deed)/Utility Bill (Either Electricity Bill or Mobile Bill or Telephone Bill) (Should Not be Older than 2 Months)
Other document required
- Khasra or Katuni of the subscribers along with their jamabandi
- Producer certificate of all subscribers certified by tehsildar/ agriculture officer/ patwari/SDM/ district administrator
2. Requirement of Information:
Authorized and Paid-up Share Capital of the Proposed Company and Number of Shares Subscribed by Members.
Explanation: A Company can be started with the minimum capital of Rs. 500000/- and 10 members and shall be treated as a private company.
Process of Registration
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs vide its notification dated 18th February 2020 effective from 23rd February 2020 has further amended the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014 thereby substituting the old Form INC-32 (SPICe) with web service SPICe+ along with certain other amendments.
Application for Reservation
The first step is to make an application for reservation of name which shall be reserved by using the web services (SPICe+) available at www.mca.gov.in along with the specified fees. Before Applying for the name, kindly check that the name is available on MCA and confirm that no trademark or such name is there under the Class of work.
The new integrated form consists of two parts i.e. PART A and Part B. The Name(s) of a company can be reserved in Part A of SPICe+. In case the applicant wants to apply for name, incorporation, and other integrated services together, he can do so together by filling necessary information in Part A and Part B.
Fill the Part B of SPICe+
The second step is to fill the Part B of SPICe+ for registering the Company. The said form contains various sections that allow you to save and modify information if required.
Convert SPICe+ Form into PDF
The third step is to convert the SPICe+ form into a pdf format to affix the DSC.
Upload the Form on Ministry of Corporate Affairs
After affixing the DSC, the form is required to upload on the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in accordance with the existing process.
Declaration of the Companies Directors and Subscribers
Declaration of all subscribers and first directors of the company which is currentlybeing filed in Form INC-9 will be automatically generated in pdf format and shall be submitted only through Electronic form in all cases, except in case:
a) The no. of subscribers and/or directors is more than 20.
b) Any of the subscribers and/or directors do not have DIN and PAN
Changes as per the Recent Amendments
1. No need to mention SRN
There is no need to mention SRN for names reserved in Part A of SPICE+ as the same will be automatically displayed while filing Part B after filing of Part A.
2. Mandatory Registration for ESIC and EPFO
Registration for ESIC and EPFO has been made mandatory for all new companies that are incorporated w.e.f 23rd February 2020.
3. Professional Registration for Maharashtra
Registration for Profession Tax is made mandatory for all new companiesincorporated in Maharashtra state, with effect from 23rd February 2020.
4. Mandatory Application for opening a bank account
Application for opening of bank account is made mandatory for all newcompanies incorporated with effect from 23rd February 2020 the sameapplication shall be filed through the form AGILE-PRO linked web form.
5. Declaration of Company’s Subscribers and First Directors in PDF form & e-submission
Declaration of all Subscribers and First Directors of the Company which is currently being filed in Form INC-9 will be automatically generated in pdf format and shall be submitted only through Electronic form in all cases, except in case:
• The no. of subscribers and/or directors is more than 20.
• Any of the subscribers and/or directors don’t have DIN and PAN.
6. Mandatory use of e-MoA (INC-33) and e-AoA (INC-34) (in some cases)
It is mandatory to use e-MoA (INC-33) and e-AoA (INC-34) in case the number of subscribers is up to 7 and in the following scenarios:
• Individual subscribers are Indian nationals
• Individual subscribers who are foreign nationals in case they valid DIN and DSC and also submit proof of a valid business visa
• Non-individual subscribers based in India.
7. Signed Physical Copies of the MoA / AoA (in some cases)
Physical copies of the MoA / AoA must be signed and attached if the individuals' first subscribers are located outside India or if the individual outsourcers do not have a valid business practice or any of the following scenarios: -
|S. No.||Cases||Forms to be filed|
|1.||Non-Individual first subscriber based outside India||SPICe+ (INC-32) with apostille MOA and AOA as attachments|
|2.||Non-Individual first subscriber based in India||SPICe+ (INC-32) with linked filing of e-MOA (INC-33) and e-AOA (INC-34)|
|3.||Indian National being Subscriber other than Director||SPICe+ (INC-32) with linked filing of e-MOA (INC-33) and e-AOA (INC-34)|
|4.||Indian National being Subscriber-cum-Director||SPICe+ (INC-32) with linked filing of e-MOA (INC-33) and e-AOA (INC-34)|
|5.||Foreign National being Subscriber other than director having valid DIN||SPICe+ (INC-32) with linked filing of e-MOA (INC-33) and e-AOA (INC-34) along with Valid Business Visa to be submitted. In case Business Visa is not available, apostille MOA and AOA shall be attached and in such cases, e-MOA (INC33) and eAOA (INC-34) are NOT acceptable.|
|6.||Foreign National being Subscriber-cum-Director having valid DIN||SPICe+ (INC-32) with linked filing of e-MOA (INC-33) and e-AOA (INC-34) along with valid Business Visa to be submitted. In case Business Visa is not available, apostille MOA and AOA shall be attached and in such cases, e-MOA (INC33) and e-AOA (INC-34) are NOT acceptable.|
|7.||Foreign National being Subscriber-cum-Director not having valid DIN||SPICe+ (INC-32) with apostille MOA and apostille AOA as attachments.|
Note: In all the above-mentioned cases, the maximum number of subscribers allowed shall be 7 for filing of SPICe+ form. Wherever the number of subscribers exceeds 7, SPICe+ form shall be filed with MoA and AoA as attachments.
8. Mandatory Filing of Statutory Return
Companies newly incorporated through SPICE+ and who have obtained EPFO/ESI number will have to file Statutory Return only if the prescribed threshold limit has been exceeded.
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FAQs on Producer Company
Minimum five Directors and ten Members are required to agreeing for subscription of shares of the Company who can be individuals or producer institutions or combination thereof.
Yes, a Director of the person can also become a shareholder and vice versa as a Company is a Separate Legal Entity that means director of the company and shareholder of the company can be the same person.
There is absolutely no minimum capital required to form a producer company, but generally people prefer and are advised to incorporate the same with a minimum capital of Rs. 5 Lahs.
- Production, harvesting, processing, procurement, grading, pooling, handling, marketing, selling, export of primary produce of the Members or import of goods or services for their benefit.
- Rendering technical services, consultancy services, training, education, research and development and all other activities for the promotion of the interests of its Members;
- Generation, transmission and distribution of power, revitalization of land and water resources, their use, conservation and communications relatable to primary produce;
- Promoting mutual assistance, welfare measures, financial services, insurance of producers or their primary produce
A Member is required to deposit the money in the bank account at the earliest and file the form for commencement of company within 180 days from the date of incorporation of the Company.
No, the money deposited in bank on behalf of company cannot be withdrawn but can be used by the Company for official purpose like for paying salary to staff and employees, other administrative expenses etc.
Yes, for Indian nationals becoming a Director in a Company it is mandatory to have a PAN Card and Passport is need in case of Foreign Nationals.
It is the documentary proof evidencing that the Company has been registered and having its unique identification number as Corporate Identification Number.
You can register a Public Company at a commercial or residential place by providing the documents as specified. There is no restriction by the department.
- The First Annual General Meeting shall be conducted within 90 days from the date of incorporation.
- The Registrar may permit extension of the time for holding Annual General Meeting (not being the first annual general meeting) by a period not exceeding 3 months.
- The Producer Company shall in each year hold an Annual General Meeting and not more than 15 months shall elapse between the dates of one Annual General Meeting to the next.
- The proceedings of every Annual General Meeting along with Directors’ Report, the audited Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Account shall be filed with the Registrar within 60 days of AGM.
No, there is no limit on number of Members in case of Producer Company.
Person being a “producer” or a “producer institution” (whether incorporated or
Not) can be admitted as member of Producer Company.
“Producer” means any person engaged in any activity or connected with or relatable to any primary produce activity.
“Producer Institution” means a producer company or any other institution having only producer or producers or Producer Company or Producer Companies as its member whether incorporated or not having any of the objects referred to in section 581B and which agrees to make use of the services of the Producer Company or Producer Companies as provided in its articles.
The Income Tax Act, 1961, specifically exempts for person having agricultural income under Section 10(1). However, the exemption for such agricultural income shall sometimes vary depending upon the kind of agricultural activity carried on. Dividend tax will be tax free in the hands of the members. Bonus shares will not attract any tax in the hands of the members at the time of allotment, however at the time of sale or redemption necessary provision of capital gain tax shall apply.